Adaptation to changing climate is continuous and developing. Reindeer herders and reindeer husbandry have to be prepared for both unexpected weather phenomena, which may take place next week, or in longer term, as slower changes.
The aim of the CLIMINI project was to
- produce a synthesis based on available knowledge about the impacts of climate change on reindeer husbandry of Finland, as well as its adaptation to climate change,
- recommendations for measures for reindeer husbandry to minimize the harmful and utilize potential benefits of climate change, and
- root operational models for adaptation (“Best practices”) into the practical herding work for example through education and guidance of the livelihood.
The project was implemented as regional workshops, interviews of key informants, risk and vulnerability policy and foresight analyses, and as participatory research.
The project was coordinated by the Arctic Centre at the University of Lapland in co-operation with Finnish Meteorological Institute, and Natural Resources Institute. The project produced operational models, know-how, network and written products, which all promote viability of reindeer husbandry. Special attention was paid to sustainability and climate-friendly adaptation measures, and participation of reindeer herders. The project considered the role of legislation and governmental subsidy policies regarding adaptation measures, under the governance and guidance of the livelihood (for example Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Reindeer Herders’ Association, Sámi Parliament).