Biodiversity or biological diversity means
- genetic variation
- abundance of species
- diversity of habitats.
In nature, birds, fish, plants, and insects surround us. The variety of habitats gives the species favourable conditions to live. Different species live in different a habitats and animals have adapted to survival in a particular environment. Genetic diversity is the most important factor for evolution. It allows populations to evolve and adapt to changing conditions. Diversity therefore covers all variations of living nature.
Biodiversity is declining
The loss of nature, i.e. the loss of biodiversity, means that the nature around us is disappearing and getting impoverished. As habitats disappear, the species that depend on them are also endangered. Nature loss is closely intertwined with climate change. As a result of climate change, nature changes, and at the same time man-made loss of nature continues to accelerate climate change.