The Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law (NIEM) conducts research broadly on international environmental law and human rights law as they apply to the Arctic. More specifically, NIEM focuses on Arctic environmental governance with especial reference to climate change, climate justice, human rights and climate litigation, biodiversity and the law of the sea as it applies to Arctic marine areas.
NIEM’s research portrays the Arctic and its linkages with other Polar regions as part of the global environmental systems, particularly concerning the impacts of climate change. Over the years, NIEM has extensively developed also expertise in human rights law applicable to the Arctic Indigenous peoples and their participatory role in Arctic governance.
Research at the Institute also considers implications of the dynamics of Arctic change and resulting geopolitical dimensions shaping concerns for both hard and soft security in the region.