Map: Bioclimatic subzones, boreal forests and forest tundra.
- Bioclimatology: branch of climatology that deals with the effects of the physical environment on living organisms over an extended period of time.
- Boreal forest or Taiga: a biome characterized by coniferous forests consisting mostly of pines, spruces, and larches.
- Forest tundra: Areas of transition from forested to non-forested landscapes. At high latitudes, north of the main zone of boreal forestland, growing conditions are not adequate to maintain a continuously closed forest cover, so tree cover is both sparse and discontinuous.
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