1. Our company plans to realize an investment project in Russia. Do we need to go through the EIA?
You can find the answer on this question in the section “Russian EIA process” of the IS - Russia available at www.arcticcentre.org/RussianEIA/Process or you can use the chart below.
2. The business activity of our company is connected with providing
services that have negative impacts on the environment, but we almost always
work as subcontractor to whoever is the primary contractor. Do we need to go
through the EIA?
In most cases and in typical practice, there is the primary contractor
who is responsible for doing and completing the EIA process before the
implementation of a proposed project. In any case, the concrete responsibilities
for the parties, whether primary and/or subcontractor are set out in the
contract between the primary and subcontractor!
Look at the example in the section “Case study” of the IS - Russia
3. Our company plans to go to the Russian market with an investment
project that is connected with land use and can have negative impacts on the
environment. Which authorities do we need to apply to?
If the proposed project is planned to be realized on the lands belongs
to the concrete subject of the Russian Federation (for example, in the
Arkhangelsk region, in the Republic of Komi, etc.) the common recommendation
would be to apply to the Regional bodies first.
In the Arkhangelsk region – the Government of the Arkhangelsk region;
In the Nenets autonomous okrug – the Administration of the Nenets
In the Republic of Komi – the Government of the Republic of Komi;
In the Republic of Karelia – the Government of the Republic of Karelia.
The contact information is available in the section “Russian EIA map”
of the IS – Russia at:
If the proposed project is planned to be realized on the federal lands,
on the continental shelf, in the exclusive economic zone, territorial sea and
contiguous zone of the Russian Federation as well as on the protected natural
areas of the federal, regional or local significance the common recommendation
would be to apply both to the Federal and Regional bodies.
4. Our company is going to do the EIA of the proposed project. Which
legal acts regulate the conducting of the EIA in Russia?
The concrete stages of the Russian EIA process as well as the
requirements to the EIA materials is set out in the Regulation on the Assessment
of Environmental Impact approved by Order of the State Ecology Committee of the
Russian Federation No.372 of May 16, 2000.
The Regulation on Russian EIA regulates the conducting of the EIA for:
For the projects connected with construction and reconstruction, the
EIA is conducted on the base of the engineering-ecological investigations
(Article 47 of the Town-Planning Code of the RF). The specific requirements to
the engineering-ecological surveys are described in the Formulary
No.47.13330.2012 “Engineering investigations for construction” issued by the
Ministry of regional development of the Russian Federation in 2012. The results
of the engineering environmental investigations are used for preparation of the
EIA report and the section “Environmental protection measures” in the project
documentation that should be done according to the requirements of the
Governmental Decree No.87 of February 16, 2008 “On composing the design
documentation sections and on requirements to their content”.
The list of the statutory documents which regulate issues related to
conducting the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), organization and
conducting the State Ecological Expertize of the EIA materials is available in
the section “Russian EIA legislation” of the IS – Russia at:
5. What is the State ecological expertize of the EIA materials?
The State ecological expertize of the EIA materials is an expert
assessment that the EIA materials meet the ecological, technical requirements
and the environmental legislation (According to the Federal Law No.174-FZ of
November 23, 1995 on Ecological Expertise). The State ecological expertize of
the EIA materials is mandatory for the Developer for getting permission for the
More information you can find on
6. What kind projects require the State ecological expertize?
7. Who conducts the State ecological expertize of the EIA materials?
The State ecological expertize of the EIA materials is conducted:
8. How long does the State ecological expertize of the EIA materials
The State ecological expertize of the EIA materials takes:
9. What is the State expertize of the project documentation?
The State Expertize of the project documentation is an expert
assessment that project documentation meets the requirements of technical
regulations/rules (According to Decision of the Government of the RF ”On the
order of organization and conducting of the State expertize of the project
documentation and the results of the engineering survey” , March 05, 2007
10. What kind projects require the State expertize?
Project documentation connected with construction, reconstruction as
well as location of the objects of transport infrastructure. More information
11. Who conducts the State expertize of the project documentation?
The State expertize of the project documentation is conducted by the
Federal Autonomous institution "Central office of the State expertize" (FAI
Glavgosexpertiza of Russia) and its Regional Departments.
12. How long does the State expertize of the project documentation
The State expertize of the project documentation takes 60 days.
13. How to identify, whether the project documentation require the
State ecological expertize, State expertize or both?
The list of the projects require the SEE, the SE or both is set out in
the section “Russian EIA process – Stage 4. Stage ecological expertise/State
expertize” of the IS – Russia available at:
In practice, the governmental authorities recommend to send an official
request with information about the project for clarifying this question.
14. Who is responsible for conducting the public hearings of the EIA
According to the Regulation on the Assessment of Environmental Impact
approved by Order of the State Ecology Committee of the Russian Federation
No.372 of May 16, 2000 public hearings are conducted by Developer and provided
by local administration (municipalities). If the project is planned to be
realized on the lands belonging to two or more municipalities the public
hearings are conducted in each municipality.
The scheme of public hearings organization and conducting is available
15. How long does the whole process of public hearings organization
In practice, the whole process of public hearings organization takes
approximately 65 days including:
≈10 days for considering the statement on public hearings organization;
≈10 days for publishing announcements about conducting of public
30 days for registration of public hearings participants;
≈5 days for making the public hearings protocol.