Gender and Migration in the Arctic
Chair: Salehin Mohammad
Migration and gender issues are inextricably linked and complex. The relationship between a migrant’s gender and sexual identity/orientation and other identity dimensions (ethnicity, education, class, religion, power, and place) shapes every stage of the migration experience, from their country of origin to their destination country, or in transit. These intersectional issues influence why, where, and to whom they migrate. They also affect a migrant’s citizenship entitlement and access to services, as well as coping mechanisms in response to risks and vulnerabilities. Therefore, it is crucial to understand how gender interacts with migration in the Arctic in order to develop appropriate policies and practices.
This panel welcomes papers that focus broadly on the gender-migration nexus throughout the circumpolar North. Topics that are particularly welcome include: access to and control over resources and services, political participation, livelihood security, material and cultural well-being, education and youth out-migration, socio-demographic processes, and ethnicity and indigeneity from a gender-migration lens.
Immigrants and the labour markets in the North
Chair: Elli Heikkilä
The session focuses on immigrants and the labour markets in the North. This theme is highly relevant because of divergent regional population and economic development in the North. It has been discussed recently for example in Finland that there is a real need to recruit more labour from abroad already now and in the future in order to prevent the shortage of labour caused by population ageing. It is also known that there is a high competition between countries to attract skilled labour to fulfill the gap in labour markets.
The key question is how immigrants have integrated in the labour markets in the North. Are there variations when employment is analyzed by different background variables, such as employment sector, gender, education, country of birth and for example by cyclical fluctuations in the economy. Are there regional variation in the employment of immigrants and which regions are attracting more immigrants to the labour markets, i.e. which regions are gainers and which losers in the North.