Cooperating the stateless
Chair: Waliul Hasanat
Number of threats compel people to flee their homeland including threat to life, genocide, racial discrimination, refraining from observing religious and cultural activities, etc. These result to become people stateless and seeking shelter towards an uncertain destination. However, many states are unwilling to welcome them and try to prevent them from entering the national territory. If they somehow arrive another state have to face various difficulties due to socio-economic condition of the host state: lack of capacity, unwilling to behave respectfully, national laws unfriendly to stateless people. In fact, international law recognizes their basic rights although this obligation binds only states who are party to the Refugee Convention. However, every state should cooperate these victims from the viewpoint of morality or sake of humanity. The session analyses the situations of stateless people in different parts of the globe along with searches for recommendations how as to improve their position.
Growing Arctic cities, shrinking Arctic cities, melting Arctic cities
Chair: Timothy Heleniak
Settlements in the Arctic are undergoing rapid change due to a variety of both endogenous and exogenous factors. Climate change is often mentioned as a major factor and while it is, there are also economic and demographic factors which impact on populations in Arctic settlements. Resource extraction and new infrastructure projects also impact the size and structure of Arctic settlements. Decisions on such projects are often made by outside actors. This session welcomes papers on any aspect of change at the settlement level in the Arctic. This could include change brought about by economic, demographic, environmental, infrastructure or other forces. Papers can focus on one settlement or a group of similar settlements or settlements within a particular Arctic region.
Local languages, education: Integration of Adult and Youth
Chair: Markus Meckl
Acquiring the local language is generally portrayed as a central aspect of the integration of immigrants as it facilitates the social and economic entry in the host society. In this workgroup we welcome papers discussing language learning among immigrants, satisfaction with language courses and the expectations by the host country towards immigrants.
Outward Migration from the Arctic
Chair: Stefan Kirchner & Ilona Mettiäinen
The Arctic is sparsely populated and many Arctic regions face demographic challenges. This problem is worsened by the large number of people from the Arctic who leave their home regions in search of opportunities, for example for education and work, outside the Arctic. Outward migration from rural to urban regions is a challenge elsewhere, too, as is the problem that the consequential decrease in population density will lead to a loss of services available in rural regions. This, in turn, makes remote regions less attractive places of residence. This can lead to a chain reaction which can put the sustainable development and, in some cases, the entire existence of small Arctic communities at risk. This panel will look at the challenges following from outward migration and potential solutions from the practical perspective of the people who live in the Arctic.