Who drew the very first map of the world? That we do not know, but the oldest known world map is from ancient Babylonia. It is over 2 500 years old and carved on a clay tablet. Claudius Ptolemy (87–150) and his book Geographia laid the foundation of modern geography. This genius of antiquity had mastered not only geography but also mathematics and astronomy. He applied all his skills when he developed a way to project the round Earth onto a two-dimensional map. Ptolemy’s map projection is based on a frame of reference that narrows towards the north. He divided the world into a southern and northern hemisphere, and used lines of latitude and longitude on his maps.
On the maps created in the 13th century the Nordic countries are
depicted a group of islands, but Iceland is nowhere to be seen. During
the Age of Discovery maps were improved as exploration grew. The name
‘Finland’ appeared on maps for the first time in the 15th century. The
first detailed map of the Nordic countries was drawn by Olaus Magnus
(1490–1557), a Swedish historian, cartographer and archbishop.
ancient Greece people believed that the extreme north was a country or
an island, which they called Ultima Thule.