Arktinen yhteistyö on jatkunut lännen ja Venäjän kiristyneistä väleistä huolimatta. Miksi saamme kuitenkin jatkuvasti lukea arktisen konfliktin uhkasta?
Digitalisation is often approached as an uninterrogatable external force of nature which turns structures, practices and processes around. Those to excel in the turmoil are those willing to adapt to its conditions and requirements. What becomes forgotten, is that the appearance and outlook of digitalised societies is an outcome of manifaceted human policies, negotiations, bargaining and calculations.
In case you are planning to have an Arctic Council ministerial meeting, you need to secure room for eight ministers and their aides, permanent participants, all the observers and a huge hang-around crowd. It easily means several hundred people, with security screening to match the status of a superpower state secretary.
That is now, 20 years after the Council was inaugurated. In the beginning it was different.
The debate on Arctic economies has been dominated by large-scale resource extraction and trans-Arctic shipping. High resource prices and climate change impacts were expected to trigger Arctic economic boom. Hopes for regional development and concerns over environmental impacts were raised. By the mid-2010s, these notions are replaced by a more modest outlook, as the pace of developments – largely due to low resource prices – is slower than projected and various technical, economic and social constraints for extraction and shipping are better understood.
Lapin yliopisto on panostanut viime vuosina yhteiskuntatieteelliseen ja oikeustieteelliseen saamentutkimukseen sekä laajemmin alkuperäiskansatutkimukseen. Tämä on johtanut viime aikoina kärjekkäisiin kommentteihin esimerkiksi sosiaalisessa mediassa. Joidenkin arvostelijoiden mukaan muun muassa yliopiston Arktisessa keskuksessa harjoitetaan puolueellista tutkimusta tässä aiheessa. Kuinka asian laita siis on?
Kamrul Hossain & Anna Petrétei
What does the term security mean when it refers to promoting human welfare in Lapland region? The question may offer wide-ranging answers, depending on who you ask.
The huge Arctic marine area, consisting of around 14 million square kilometers, which is equal to the size of Antarctica, is the habitat of around 21,000 known species.
Adam Stępień (Arctic Centre) and Andreas Raspotnik (The Arctic Institute)
The new Joint Communication on “An integrated European Union policy for the Arctic” was published on 27 April 2016. The document generally follows the lines drawn in previous EU Arctic policy statements: climate and environment, sustainability and regional cooperation. However, the policy update also shows evolution of the EU’s understanding of its place in the changing Arctic economic, environmental and political landscape