Understanding and Strengthening EU-Canada Relations in Law of  the Sea and Ocean Governance

Leader
Professor Timo Koivurova 
Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law (NIEM)
Arctic Centre, University of Lapland.

Project Partners
NIEM/Arctic Centre (Rovaniemi)
Dalhousie University (Halifax)
Utrecht University (Utrecht)
Vrije Univeristy (Brussels)

Research group in NIEM  
Professor Timo Koivurova
Dr. Lotta Viikari
Dr. Kamrul Hossain
Researcher Mika Flöjt

Project starts on 1.1 2008
Ends on 31.12 2008.

Desrciption
This project aims to increase academic and public understanding of EU and Canadian approaches and challenges in governing key human uses of the oceans, highlighting areas of convergence and divergence of interests and practices. Those uses include: aquaculture, fisheries, shipping, bioprospecting, renewable energy production (for example, offshore wind farms and tidal power), seabed activities (minerals and hydrocarbons) and ocean disposal.

Tasks

Original plan submitted to the European Commission

  • Maritime Safety and Vessel-source Pollution Control (Aldo Chircop (Canada), Lotta Viikari (Finland), Erik Franckx (Belgium)
  • Ship Ballast Water Management (Moira McConnell (Canada), Lotta Viikari(Finland), Erik Molenaar (Netherlands)
  • Management of Seabed Activities Including Offshore Oil and Gas (Jerome Davis (Canada), Timo Koivurova (Finland), Erik Franckx (Belgium)
  • Regulation of Renewable ocean Energy (For example, Offshore Wind Farms, Tidal Power) (Meinhard Doelle (Canada), Lotta Viikari (Finland)
  • EU and Canadian Approaches and Challenges in Regional Fisheries Management Organizations (Dawn Russell, David VanderZwaag (Canada), Timo Koivurova (Finland), Mika Flöjt (Finland)
  • EU and Canadian Roles in Addressing High Seas’ Governance Issues including Bioprospecting (Phillip Saunders (Canada), Erik Molenaar (Netherlands)
  • EU and Canadian Approaches / Challenges in Arctic Ocean Regional Cooperation (David VanderZwaag (Canada), Timo Koivurova, Kamrul Hossain (Finland), Erik Molenaar (Netherlands)
  • EU and Canadian Approaches/Challenges in Maritime Security (Hugh Kindred and Mary Brooks (Canada), Kamrul Hossain (Finland)
  • EU and Canadian Approaches to Countering Illegal Immigration by Sea (Hugh Williamson (Canada), Kamrul Hossain (Finland)

Revised plan in Halifax meeting

  • EU and Canadian Approaches/Challenges to Ocean Policy-making (A. Chircop, D. Vanderzwaag, E. Franckx and T. Koivurova)
  • Maritime Safety and Vessel-source Pollution Control (A. Chircop, Malgorzata Nesterowicz and Henrik Ringbom)
  • Ship Ballast Water Management (M. McConnell and L. Viikari)
  • Management of Seabed Activities Including Offshore Oil and Gas (J. Davis, T. Koivurova, Mika Flöjt and Kamrul Hossain)
  • Regulation of Renewable Ocean Energy (For example, Offshore Wind Farms, Tidal Power) (M. Doelle and Assistants)
  • EU and Canadian Approaches/Challenges in Regional Fisheries Management Organizations (D. Russell, D. VanderZwaag, Koen Van den Bossche and M. Flöjt)
  • EU and Canadian Roles in Addressing High Seas’ Governance Issues including Bioprospecting (P. Saunders and E. Molenaar)
  • EU and Canadian Approaches/Challenges in Maritime Security (H. Kindred, M. Brooks and K. Hossain and NIEM Assistants)
  • EU and Canadian Approaches/Challenges to Countering Illegal Immigration by Sea (H. Williamson, K. Hossain and NIEM Assistants)
  • EU and Canadian Approaches / Challenges in Arctic Ocean Regional Cooperation (David VanderZwaag (Canada), Timo Koivurova, Kamrul Hossain (Finland), Erik Molenaar (Netherlands)

Expected results

The project is expected to result in numerous positive impacts including,  among others:

  • A clearer comparative understanding of evolving EU and Canadian ocean policy interests in key marine sectors and issues and their projection in the international arena.
  • Increasing understanding of the roles of various groups (policy-makers, NGOs, industry and academics) in the field of EU and Canadian approaches and challenges in ocean governance.
  • Facilitating greater EU-Canadian cooperation in addressing ocean governance weaknesses and gaps, such as a more comprehensive and  integrated regime for managing high seas uses and resources.
  • Forging cooperative research linkages among key universities and institutes in the EU and Canada having law of the sea ocean governance interests or programs.
  • Developing a vision for how the EU and Canada might play leading roles in furthering the progress and development of law of the sea and international ocean governance.

Publications