|The Arctic Research Division of the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) studies the different layers of the polar atmosphere, biosphere and earth, and produces accurate information about the atmosphere, climate and the environment. The Division comprises the Arctic Research Centre in Sodankylä and the aurora research group in Helsinki. The Satellite Data Centre is becoming the leading support station in the development of satellite research in the Arctic and northern regions.
The Centre conducts, among other things, aerosol, ozone and UV radiation research and measures the impact of snow cover on climate.
The aurora borealis (the Northern Lights) phenomena are registered using MIRACLE all-sky camera imaging.
The FMI has an atmospheric research station at Pallas-Ylläs to carry out greenhouse gas measurements. Together with the FMI-ARC, it forms the Pallas-Sodankylä Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW), which is equipped with state-of the- art satellite technology.
Ice research in the FMI focuses on investigating and developing remote sensing methods and ice modelling. The FMI uses forecast models, which take into account the northern conditions and the impact of ice. The principal users of the Finnish Meteorological Institute’s ice service are merchant vessels and icebreakers.
FMI is co-operating among others with European Space Agency, European Meteorological Organization and NASA